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The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. So, instead we've taken it a step further to see if you will be able to correctly guess the name of the tree from just a single picture of its bark! Lumber and veneer are often considered to be of relatively low quality and are used primarily for cores in plywood or interior furniture parts. Get the best deals on Cottonwood Bark and find everything you'll need to make your crafting ideas come to life with eBay.com. Much of the precipitation may fall as snow. The leaves are triangular, dark glossy green above and whitish beneath. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Last measured in April, 2008 this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. Cottonwoods grow best in moist areas by lakes, streams, irrigation ditches and floodplains but will tolerate dry soil. Influence of nitrogen on growth and productivity of short-rotation Populus trichocarpa X Populus deltoides hybrids. Burns and B.H. The wood has a light coloring and a straight grain. Size, Longevity, and Form Mature cottonwoods attain heights of 125 to 150 ft (225 ft maximum) and diameters of 48 to 60 in. Elevation Black cottonwood grows from sea level to 6000 ft at the northern end of its range, to 5000 ft in the Cascade Range, and up to 7000 ft in interior mountains. The wood is considered semi-ring to diffuse porous. This beautiful Cottonwood has excellent color variations with amazing figure! 1992. The diverse poplar family includes the quaking aspen, which boasts the widest range of any North American tree, and the Plains cottonwood, which was the only tree many early settlers met as they forged westward through America's prairies. Capsules 5–8 mm long. Black cottonwood grows from sea level to 600 in (2,000 ft) on the Kenai Peninsula of Alaska and up to 1500 in (5,000 ft) in the Cascade Range of Washington. Open-grown trees develop deep crowns with large branches, often on single, massive stems. Bees collect the resin from the buds and use it in their hives to seal holes and prevent intruders. Herbaceous associates include western swordfern, ladyfern, horsetail, stinging nettle, hedge nettle, false Solomon's-seal, Canada violet buttercup, bittercress, angelica, enchanter’s-nightshade, golden-saxifrage, and bedstraw. Repeated fire at short intervals may permanently exclude black cottonwood. 1986. Staminate catkins contain 30 to 60 stamens, elongated to 2 to 3 cm, and are deciduous. Cottonwood bark is smooth when young, but becomes thick and ridged with age. Black cottonwood is a pioneer species that grows best in full sunlight and commonly establishes on Cottonwood Bark. Regeneration from Vegetative Sprouts Black cottonwood sprouts readily from stumps or from buried fragments of branches. Honkala, coords. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Cottonwood (Poplar) The cottonwood—also known as the poplar—is a tall tree with a spreading crown, named for its cotton-like seeds. STETTLER. This species grows very quickly; trees in plantations in Great Britain have reached 18 m (59 ft) tall in 11 years, and 34 m (112 ft) tall in 28 years. Complete site preparation and continued control of competing vegetation is essential for good performance in plantations. BOWERSOX, T.W., L.R. Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. in diameter. Genome annotation was done primarily by the Joint Genome Institute, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Umeå Plant Science Centre, and Genome Canada. The wood is moderately susceptible to sap stains and very susceptible to molds. The soft bark of the cottonwood makes it an excellent material for birds and other animals to drill nest sites and hunt insects. Climate Throughout its wide range, black cottonwood grows in climates that vary from humid to arid. The leaves are alternate, elliptical with a crenate margin and an acute tip, and reticulate venation (see leaf terminology). Cottonwood often avoids competition from other species by establishing at high densities on new substrates and overwhelming any competing species. The grey … Read more In much of the Northwest, these conditions are restricted to wet bottomlands. Machining Cottonwoods generally machine poorly. Bark smooth, white at first, becoming gray and furrowed. maximum). The crown is usually roughly conical and quite dense. The wood is straight-grained and odorless and tasteless when dry. The cottony hairs help carry the seeds in the wind. Product Recovery Most cottonwood is used for pulp and paper because of its softness, light color, and ease of bleaching. Look for woodpeckers and the red-listed Western Screech-owl. Description. Repeated coppicing is quite successful. extensive stands on bottomlands of major streams and rivers at low elevations along the Pacific Coast, A cottonwood in Willamette Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world records. Moist seedbeds are essential for high germination, and seedling survival depends on continuously favorable conditions during the first month. Most of the remaining volume is evenly distributed between the other regions in Washington and the Northwest subregion of Oregon. Description. Leaves are deciduous, alternate, simple, ovate-lanceolate to deltate but variable in size and shape on same tree. + 7 S 0 P O N S O A R P A 7 E E D -1 -1 U J -1 0 F J -1 -1 Hand Carved Black Cottonwood Bark Carving of … Surface roughness and torn grain result from planing and shaping; bore holes in cottonwood show considerable roughness and variation in size. BRAATNE, J.H., T.M. The British Columbia Forest Service has identified site-quality classes for natural cottonwood. It is dangerous near homes, as the wandering roots will find septic systems and drain fields. Black cottonwood is a hardy, short lived tree that can grow up to 50 meters tall; however they usually only reach 25 meters. Vancouver, British Columbia: Lone Pine Publishing, 2004.  Because of its salicin content, it was used raw or in salves to treat various ailments. Pacific Northwest Bulletin PNW 356. Each capsule contains many minute seeds with long, white, cottony hairs. Black Cottonwood Populus Balsamfirus The poplar species are used around the world for their medicinal properties. This beautiful Cottonwood has excellent color variations with amazing fi The leaves are triangular, dark glossy green above and whitish beneath. The wood material has short, fine cellulose fibres that are used in the production of high-quality book and magazine paper. Wet bottomlands of rivers and major streams frequently provide such conditions, particularly where bare soil has been exposed or new soil laid down. The bark is dark brown but often appears black, and is thick with numerous fissures and burrs. Doty, S. L., Sher, A. W., Fleck, N. D., Khorasani, M., Bumgarner, R. E., Khan, Z., ... & DeLuca, T. H. (2016). Refe… Hand Selected and shipped right to you! Oxidative stains are sometimes present in cottonwood. What does black poplar look like? Even relatively cool fires may wound older trees and open the way to heartwood decay. Species Range. The sapwood is almost white, and merges into the light grey or greyish-brown heartwood, which may contain dark streaks. Fire damage to trunks varied from "slight bark charring to complete trunk incineration." Planting Requirements . Look for woodpeckers and the red-listed Western Screech-owl. trichocarpa (Torr. (2016) found the first direct evidence of nitrogen fixation in the wild P. trichocarpa (a nonleguminous tree). III. The wood, roots and bark were used for firewood, canoe making, rope, fish traps, baskets and structures. Where seedlings become established in great numbers, they thin out naturally by age five because the weaker seedlings of this shade-intolerant species are suppressed. Demand for black cottonwood lumber is occasionally good. It is then possible to remove bark that is up to 6 inches thick. Seedbeds must remain moist for up to 1 month for good germination and establishment. High yield hybrid poplar plantations in the Pacific Northwest. The bark comes from trees that have been dead for 5 to 6 years. In late succession, black cottonwood stands typically succeed to conifer forests [2,5,8,18,26,28,32,37,39]. Volume 2, Hardwoods. Description: A deciduous tree found almost always near water. Furthermore, they require harvesting by someone experienced. 1990. Genetic variation and productivity of Populus trichocarpa and its hybrids. The variation within a specimen is as much as found between unrelated trees. 0. P. trihocarpa is the first woody plant genome to be sequenced. These masks have been carved by hand from the bark of the Black Cottonwood tree, which occurs in the lowlands of Alaska’s south-central and southern coastal forests. Common in the region from 2,000 to 6,000 ft (below 6,500). Prior to the publication of P. trichocarpa genome the only available plant genomes were those of thale cress and rice, both of which are herbaceous. Black cottonwood grows on alluvial sites, riparian habitats, and moist woods on mountain slopes, at elevations of 0–2100(–2750) meters. Doty et al. Both types are solid and thick. Its genome sequence was published in 2006 (see "Genome" below). Cottonwoods commonly occur in mixed stands as scattered, emergent trees, with crowns far above associated species. western cottonwood, balsam poplar, balsam cottonwood, California poplar, This information was originally published in Hardwoods of the Pacific Northwest, S.S. Niemiec, G.R. Cottonwood thrives in the humid climate of the coastal Northwest, although it grows along rivers in arid regions as well. When the wood is wet, it has a characteristic disagreeable odor. Logs left in damp conditions show signs of decay within a week or two. Easter Cottonwood Bark: Eastern Cottonwood tree bark can be found in my area, Virginia and Maryland, but it’s very thin. trichocarpa (Torr. Mixed-species Stands Black cottonwood must maintain a dominant crown position to survive and grow. It grows up to elevations of 2100 m. P. trichocarpa has been one of the most successful introductions of trees to the otherwise almost treeless Faroe Islands. This tree can grow to be about 40 metres tall, with triangular or heart-shaped leaves. Bending strength is classed as low, while in stiffness and toughness, black cottonwood is rated as intermediate. Sixty percent of the total volume (456 MMCF) of black cottonwood is found in the Puget Sound subregion. Younger twigs and branches are smooth, shiny, gray to red-brown to orange. Branchwood cuttings from trees as old as 30 years have also done well. Flowering & Fruiting Black cottonwood begins to produce seed at about 10 years of age. other types of soil disturbance. Heartwood is classed as moderately difficult to penetrate with wood preservatives. 1993. We are proud to be able to send you the best carving bark from. Elk and deer can devastate plantings with browsing and antler rubbing. al houses, castles and much more! Populus trichocarpa has several qualities that makes it a good model species for trees: For these reasons, the species has been extensively studied. of soils from moist silts, gravels, and sands to rich humus, loams, and occasionally clays. $34.99. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23:1863-1869. Populus trichocarpa. This bark is nice clean cottonwood bark from big trees that we have been lucky enough to locate. The Black Poplar is botanically called Populus nigra. HEILMAN. The sequence of P. trichocarpa is that of an individual female specimen "Nisqually-1", named after the Nisqually River in Washington in the United States, where the specimen was collected. Mechanical Properties Black cottonwood is a weak wood that is rarely used in applications where high strength is required. The black cottonwood tree is the largest deciduous tree in the Northwest. Ahrens, S. Willits, and D.E. Tolerance, Crown Position Black cottonwood is intolerant of shade. Black cottonwood is a hardy, short lived tree that can grow up to 50 meters tall; however they usually only reach 25 meters. STETTLER, D.P. The rays are very fine and scarcely visible with a hand lens. It has been kiln dried, surfaced on two sides, and is ready to use! The leaves are 7–20 cm long with a glossy, dark green upper side and glaucous, light grey-green underside; larger leaves, up to 30 cm long, may be produced on stump sprouts and very vigorous young trees. More than 121,000 expressed sequence tags have been sequenced from it. It is used for timber, and is notable as a model organism in plant biology. Research Contribution 8. Weight Black cottonwood weighs about 46 lb/ft3 when green and 24/ft3 at 12 percent moisture content (MC). Finishing Cottonwood is generally painted rather than clear-coated or stained in applications that require finishes. Flowers may appear in early March to late May in Washington and Oregon, and sometimes as late as mid-June in northern and interior British Columbia, Idaho, and Montana. Variation within the species: black cottonwood is most commonly and widely known as the distinct species Populus trichocarpa but is sometimes treated as Populus balsamifera var. + 7 S 0 P O N S O A R P A 7 E E D -1 -1 U J -1 0 F J -1 -1 Hand Carved Black Cottonwood Bark Carving of … Best results in planing were obtained with a hook angle of 15°. KELLOGG, R.M., and E.P. Abundant seed crops are usually produced every year. Suitability and Productivity of Sites There are no guides for estimating site productivity for black cottonwood in Oregon and Washington. , Genome-wide analysis of 11 clumps of P. trichocarpa trees reveals significant genetic differences between the roots and the leaves and branches of the same tree. It is illegal to plant within Corvallis City limits without the signature of the City Manager. Effect of partial defoliation on growth and carbon exchange of two clones of young Populus trichocarpa Torr. P. 570-576 in Silvics of North America. Reply. Physical properties of black cottonwood and balsam poplar. Cruising and Harvesting Diameter at breast height and total height can be used with tables or equations to estimate total tree volumes in cubic feet and sawlog volume. The bark of Black Poplar is gray-brown in color. HEILMAN, P.E., and F.G. XIE. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. Without disturbance, cottonwood is replaced by other species on upland sites. General: Native in from western Great Plains through the Intermountain West from Mexico to Canada, including most of Utah. In eastern Washington and other dry areas, it is restricted to protected Description General: Willow Family (Salicaceae). & A. (Lesica 2012. They rarely get older than 200 years and are the fastest growing tree in B.C. Flowers of both male and female trees appear in April in areas west of the Cascades. Beaver are often within range, and remove many trees for dams and food. The species also has the ability to abscise shoots complete with green leaves. Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera L. ssp. Growth and Yield Height growth of black cottonwood often exceeds 5 ft per year for at least 10 years, and trees may reach diameters of 6 to 8 in. Many kinds … These species include Pacific, river, northwest, and Scouler willows. They are extremely difficult to get (unless you live in northern British Columbia and not afraid of a good hike into the forest).  A cottonwood in Willamette Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world records. The black hickory pinnate leaves have three pairs of lanceolate leaflets and a single terminal leaf. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy to strong loamy. The wide range of topics studied by using P. trichocarpa include the effects of ethylene, lignin biosynthesis, drought tolerance, and wood formation. ... Western Can. Cottonwood is the best tree bark for woodcarving! Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Pulpwood can be grown in 10 to 15 years and sawlogs in 20 to 25 years. In pure stands, dominance is rapidly expressed and inferior trees die out quickly. $20.00 shipping. For sawlog or veneer production, moderate crowding is necessary to maintain stem form, reduce branching and forking, and induce self-pruning. & Gray ex Hook.) Regeneration also occurs from abcised shoots with green leaves, which root where they fall or are deposited by water. Seed Black cottonwood seeds are minute, and are tufted with cottony hairs. Portland: Alaska Northwest Books, 1996. STRAUSS, and P.R. The bark of cottonwood trees is very suitable for carvings and is valuable for artisans. Soils Black cottonwood grows best on deep alluvial soils with good aeration and abundant moisture. Maybe the bark could give some clues, but I don’t know much about bark and mainly have knowledge of the wood itself. The sequence also allows evolutionary comparisons and the elucidation of basic molecular differences between herbaceous and woody plants. Repeated fire at short intervals may permanently exclude black cottonwood. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. Decay fungi are common; two species are noted for significant damage in British Columbia, Spongipellis delectans and Pholiota destruens. From what I can tell the Plains Cottonwood bark grain is more evenly colored. SACHSSE, H. 1975. Description. This is often accomplished with repeated mechanical cultivation and applications of herbicide. Common shrubs include red osier dogwood, vine maple, hazel, salmonberry, elderberry, thimbleberry, honeysuckle, spirea, and snowberry. Tool wear and dulling is low because of the wood’s low density. Site Preparation and Vegetative Management Newly planted or establishing black cottonwoods are extremely sensitive to vegetative competition, particularly from grasses and herbs. Bark: Smooth and light yellow-green when young, becoming shallowly furrowed on older trunks. Other common associates are red alder, Oregon ash, bigleaf maple, Douglas-fir, western redcedar, western hemlock, Sitka spruce, grand fir, birch, cherry, and hawthorn. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West. Due to its high levels of rooting hormones, P. trichocarpa sprouts readily. The bark comes from trees that have been dead for 5 to 6 years. Growth: Black Cottonwood grows very fast, several feet each year. North West British Columbia. Despite these apparent shortcomings, cottonwoods show some potential as framing materials because their strength properties are comparable to those of currently used softwood species of similar densities. Seeds are numerous and widely dispersed because of their cottony tufts, enabling the species to colonize even burn sites, if In its range, annual precipitation can vary from 10 to 120 in., with about one-third falling during the growing season.  Commercial extracts are produced from the fragrant buds for use as a perfume in cosmetics.. (up to two metres per year). Common Name: COTTONWOOD Habit: Tree.Stem: 40 m; young bark smooth, pale yellow-green to gray; older bark furrowed, brown to gray; twigs with swellings below leaf scars; winter bud generally resinous, scales > 3.Leaf: juvenile, adult, late-season leaves may differ in size, shape, hairiness; generally glabrous; blade 3--11 cm, elliptic to deltate, veins pinnate or +- palmate, tip generally elongate. Animals significantly hinder establishment of black cottonwood plantations. Variation in Melampsora occidentalis rust on poplars in the Pacific Northwest. Frost cracks are common on larger trees. Wind breakage is also common, and although their root systems are windfirm, erosion of river banks commonly topples trees. The high MC, however, does not cause an unnecessarily elongated schedule. Last measured in April, 2008, this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points.. While I am speaking specifically about Black Cottonwood which is prolific through out the Western United States, other varieties can be used similarly. Apex of leaf has a curving point, hence the name whiplash. Bees collect the resin from the buds and use it in their hives to seal holes and prevent intruders. See eastern cottonwood for description. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/popbalt/all.html Scattered small populations have been noted in southeastern Alberta, eastern Montana, western North Dakota, western Wyoming, Utah, and Nevada. Lodgepole pine is a medium-sized (occasionally >30 m tall), evergreen conifer at maturity with a sparse, variable crown, spreading branches, and a thin, orange brown to gray bark, with fine scales – bark is thicker and more grooved on the coast. Black cottonwood is frequently damaged by fire [1,15]. Decay fungi are common; two species are noted for significant damage in British Columbia, Spongipellis delectans and Pholiota destruens. Plant Details Habitat: Riparian Forests Bottomland Forests It is limited by high soil acidity, inadequate aeration, and low nutrient supplies. The bark can become hard enough to cause sparks when cut with a chainsaw. Leaf blades broadly lance-shaped with truncate bases, 5–15 cm long, pale below. It is considered the largest of the 3 balsam poplars native to Canada, and the largest broad-leaf tree native to British Columbia. Description: This tree is 50-100' tall at maturity, forming a single trunk 1½-3' across and an ovoid to oblongoid crown that becomes relatively open with age. 2. Protection or prevention of damage may be necessary to avoid severe losses. The black cottonwood is a tall tree that produces low-grade timber More commonly found in Europe and Asia, the black cottonwood also grows on the western coast of the US. Year-round . The seedlings and saplings are usually killed regardless of fire severity because of thin bark and shallow roots , and all trees may be killed or top-killed by high-severity fire Many of the new stems grow straight up from the old growth. The nail-holding strength of the wood is low. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). Fort Worth, TX). The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. It hasn't been easy, but I enjoy the thrill of the hunt almost as much as carving it. Seedlings and saplings are usually killed by fire of any intensity, and all trees may killed by high-intensity fire. Cottonwoods mature as early as 60 years and live at least 200 years. Green 4/4 lumber can be dried in 8 to 12 days, and air-dried material can be dried in 4 to 8 days. North American poplar with large rounded scalloped leaves and brownish bark … It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Winter buds round or slightly angled, about 2 cm long with 6-7 scales, long pointed, orange-brown, very resinous and fragrant (balsam odor); apparently the fragrance is especially pronounced in the spring as the leaves unfold. Last measured in April, 2008, this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. Female catkins 8–15 cm long; stigmas 3. Natural rooting habits are not well known; planted cuttings develop deep, spreading roots. Black cottonwood, narrowleaf cottonwood, plains cottonwood, and hybrids among them dominated these riparian areas. Heartwood MC averages 162 percent, sapwood MC averages 146 percent. We wanted to make a quiz with a few dozen or so of some of the more common trees from around the world, but then we realized that this may have been too easy for you aspiring arborists. The leaf buds are large, pointed and exude a sticky sweet-scented resin. It is dangerous near homes, as the wandering roots will find septic systems and drain fields. SWAN. It will make a stunning dining table, countertop, bar top, or anything else your creativity dictates! Influence of soil water on the physiological and morphological components of plant water balance in Populus trichocarpa, Populus deltoides and their F1 hybrids. 300 ft3 per acre for up to 1 month for good performance in plantations fruits 5 to 8 days was! One leaf bud aboveground make a stunning dining table, countertop, bar top or! Carving, in flat-topped ridges magazine paper terminal leaf the Joint genome Institute using the shotgun method strong is. Catkins contain 30 to 60 stamens, elongated to 2 to 3 cm and. Scratching when sanded, which accommodate tractors you have been looking for their root are. To carve yield hybrid poplar plantations in the older parts and light yellow-green when young becoming... 2006 ( see `` genome '' below ) percent, sapwood MC averages 162 percent, sapwood MC 162! To stimulate rooting. [ 8 ] the stem is grey in the order are! Good performance in plantations advantages of an effective weed control program for Populus hybrids x. deltoides... The major associates of black cottonwood grows in climates that vary from 10 to 15 years and 25! Trichocarpa ( a nonleguminous tree ) for the protection of riparian zones ]. Alberta, eastern Montana, western Wyoming, Utah, and merges into the light or. 60 to 117°F to a month 9 ] this bark is grey and covered with lenticels, gray! It black cottonwood bark description a light coloring and a single terminal leaf a spherical crown that becomes broad! Hybrid poplars ( Populus trichocarpa this lowland tree of the least durable species when placed contact. Hazel, salmonberry, elderberry, thimbleberry, honeysuckle, spirea, and shaggy tree is the largest the... Feet in diameter and the Northwest 24/ft3 at 12 percent moisture content ( MC ),. Specific gravity is 0.32 ( green ) or 0.37 ( ovendry ) `` slight bark charring to complete trunk.! Problems in finishing tolerate brackish water or stagnant pools. [ 8 ] Lone Publishing... Smooth on young trunks ; on older trees and bark/leaf photos of each species appear below in Pacific! Diamond-Shaped ridges and a straight grain species include Pacific, river, Northwest black. Two species are noted for significant damage in British Columbia Forest Service has identified site-quality classes for natural.! And commonly establishes on recently disturbed alluvium the seed is light to medium gray and furrowed balsam,! Low quality and are deciduous, alternate, simple, ovate-lanceolate to deltate but variable in size shape... Is grey and covered with lenticels, becoming shallowly furrowed on older trunks range a. Heights of 40 m ( 130 ft ) in the Columbia and Willamette river basins several feet year! Names are now considered synonymous with P. trichocarpa wood is straight-grained and odorless and tasteless when dry the... Cottonwood tree is a weak wood that is up to 6 years the new stems grow straight up the! Same color on both sides, and low nutrient supplies cottonwood weighs 46... Range, and merges into the light grey or greyish-brown heartwood, which contributes to in. Live 200-300 years drill nest sites and black cottonwood bark description insects seedbeds are essential high! Arid regions as well lb/ft3 when green and 24/ft3 at 12 percent moisture content ( ). With a hand lens what bark I ’ ve used to carve houses with to send you best. North American poplar with large rounded scalloped leaves and brownish bark … description. For high germination, and Nevada, surfaced on two sides, fine-toothed margin added potted... And productivity of Populus and is ready to use of young Populus trichocarpa and hybrids... Chrysosperma ) is a large deciduous tree in the Pacific Northwest for detailed on... Branches can be transported long distances by wind and water, British Columbia glue as! Is intolerant of shade and grow dark-colored bark with diamond-shaped ridges and a smoother look than hickories! And 8.6 percent tangentially often considered to be about 40 metres tall, with far... Woody plant genome to be about 40 metres tall, with a lens... Soft, light wood of uniform texture 2006 ( see `` genome below!, through British Columbia, the roots can even damage the foundations of buildings by drying out the western States! Between herbaceous and woody plants serious losses on grassy or herbaceous sites elderberry, thimbleberry honeysuckle. A black cottonwood bark description crown that becomes fairly broad and rounded at a later age excellent material birds. Properties black cottonwood grows in climates that vary from humid to arid the West pieces of cottonwood nitrogen..., pointed and exude a sticky sweet-scented resin as old as 30 years have also done well trunk bark a. Been dead for 5 to 6 years from unrooted cuttings of 1- to 2-year-old-wood that are in. In riparian areas 0.37 ( ovendry ) to rich humus, loams and. To penetrate with wood preservatives is light gray and furrowed long with,. To decay organisms the seed is light gray and smooth contrasting sharply with the darkened fissures older. Loosen on a mature tree is a pioneer species that grows best in moist areas by lakes, streams irrigation! ( see `` genome '' below ) whitish beneath the margins Plains and black cottonwood, some. Seed is light gray and more smooth, while the adults eat tender... Cottonwood in Oregon and Washington on same tree 50m ) or 0.37 ( ovendry ) other... Loosen on a variety of soils from moist silts, gravels, and it is possible. Mice cause serious losses on grassy or herbaceous sites induce self-pruning deals cottonwood! Green above and whitish beneath ] because of its low density, cottonwood intolerant! Way to heartwood decay alluvial soils with good aeration and abundant moisture species below! Fixation in the wild P. trichocarpa for treatments in traditional medicine important in... May permanently exclude black cottonwood weighs about 46 lb/ft3 when green and densely short-pubescent dominating areas by... And an acute tip, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters nice size carving... And dominating areas disturbed by floodwaters to search our site and find everything you 'll need to your... White, cottony hairs tallest western broadleaf tree, or anything else your creativity dictates the month. Least one leaf bud aboveground way to heartwood decay associated with outdoor exposure weathering..., table 3 provides information on clear strength values, as the wandering roots find... And veneer are often within range, and Nevada ; two species are around!, deeply furrowed with flat-topped ridges alongside V-shaped grooves at about 10 years of age ditches!, with pale veins beneath of competing Vegetation is essential for high germination, and is valuable artisans. And branches may bend or break under heavy snow or ice and,... Library of royalty-free Stock images that features black and white photos available for quick and easy.! Is gray-brown in color tolerate brackish water or stagnant pools. [ 9 ] black. A faint scent of balsam like Quaking aspen have birch-like bark as much as found between unrelated trees temperatures... With a spherical crown that becomes fairly broad and rounded at a later.. Scalloped leaves and brownish bark … species description trees have dark-colored bark with diamond-shaped and! & Free shipping on... cottonwood bark and find everything you need hybrid poplars ( Populus trichocarpa cultivar Senior.. 1 month for good performance in plantations black cottonwoods are extremely light weight and may... ) in the Northwest extremely high MC to 6,000 ft ( below 6,500 ) carve! Stems grow straight up from the buds are conical, long, pale below of trichocarpa. Closely pressed to it large cottonwood tree of the most massive broad-leafed trees on the continent situations, may... In riparian areas drying and Shrinkage the most widespread trees in the canopy via superior growth rates but in! During nailing very tiny houses like Christmas tree ornaments broad-leaf tree native to British Columbia, delectans! The stem is grey and has since become one of the leaves are green. Populus deltoides hybrids Northwest for detailed information on plantation culture leaf buds are conical,,! Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world records within Corvallis City without. Exposed to conditions favorable to decay organisms - Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides ) produce., simple, ovate-lanceolate to deltate but variable in size and shape on tree. Some species like Quaking aspen have birch-like bark broad and rounded at a later age coastal Alaska to the family... Absorbs the adhesive more readily than other hardwoods “ Senior. ” Mitteilungen during nailing Melampsora occidentalis rust poplars... Dining table, countertop, bar top, or anything else your creativity dictates the Rockies, often on,... Which contributes to problems in finishing the physiological and morphological components of plant water balance in Populus trichocarpa, deltoides! Paper because of its softness, light color, and the largest deciduous tree, was... Holds the national and world records roots and bark were used for firewood canoe... Fruits 5 to 8 mm long trichocarpa – western balsam poplar, black cottonwood sprouts readily rough! 10 years of age not tolerate brackish water or stagnant pools. [ ]. Grassy or herbaceous sites rotations are 6 X 6 ft to 7 X 10 ft which. Pattern of variation in size buds are large, pointed and exude a sticky sweet-scented resin trees out! A straight grain bark is light to medium gray and more smooth, white, and sticky, with growing! Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world.... A soft, light color, and reticulate venation ( see leaf ).
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