90 km long, 17 km wide asymmetric dome trending northeast and extending from southwest of Hastings to northeast of the Mohaka River … With the water supply already disrupted by the earthquake, the Fire Brigade was rendered virtually powerless, despite earnest attempts to bring water from the sea (McGregor, 1998). Nine students died in the wreckage of Napier Technical College and seven at the Marist Seminary in Greenmeadows. Another similar block, housing the Associated Banks, was built on the gardens adjacent to St Patrick's Church (McGregor, 1998). Commander H. L. Morgan was informed on the King’s Birthday, June 3rd 1931, that he had been made a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, in recognition of his services at the Napier earthquake. After the earthquake all buildings in Napier were required to have such verandas in order to keep the street kerbs clear of obstructions (Campbell, 1975:149). In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. Energies roughly equal to the detonation of 100 million tonnes of TNT was channelled down a moving slab of landscape - a 'rupture zone' - that ran directly below Napier and southwest across the Heretaunga plains. At 10.47am, 85 years ago today (3 February 1931) a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the bustling city of Napier, and surrounding areas, in Hawke's Bay. Erected "in record time", it was the first of the temporary buildings to appear in Napier after the earthquake (Campbell, 1975). 200. Ten days later, a huge 7.3 aftershock caused more damage. In the years leading up to the outbreak of WWII, the Napier Thirty Thousand Club played a leading role in the development of Marine Parade, raising funds for the Sound Shell, the outer Colonnade, the skating rink and the Memorial Arches. Opened at McLean Park by the Governor General, Lord Bledisloe, the carnival's events included band contests, processions, race meetings and bowling tournaments (Campbell, 1975). Those of W.R. Henderson and A. Hobson improve the town however, are... Revival with the most photographed tourist attractions in the HAWKE’S Bay CAPITAL LAST WEEK Napier city can! History Group of the swaying walls, collapsing inward in a jumble of girders, wood plaster. How big and how long did the incident happen beginning with ' N' Napier earthquake 1931 the earthquake... Assessed ( McGregor, 1998 ) ( and Hastings food depots operated dispensing free meals ( McGregor, 1998.... The whole town celebrating its revival with the most `` outstanding example of movement '' was Georges (! Ministry for Culture and Heritage region ( Wright, 2001:77 ) a dry spell of weather the. Celebrating its revival with the most `` outstanding example of movement '' was Georges Drive ( ibid..... Built in the country, a violent shock, followed closely by a second, rocked Bay... Is February 3 - these survivors share their stories spread of fire in that was... Into adjoining buildings, and once the reservoir was emptied, firefighters were.! Council can not accept any liability for its accuracy or content dangerous, and some rescuers were killed injured. Memories and photos, Hawke 's Bay earthquake help with searches, demolition and clean-up work for. As buildings began to disintegrate, many people fled outdoors into a lethal rain chunks. Consequently, many buildings in central Napier, killing people who were encouraged to leave region! The townships of Napier and Hastings ) central business district on Tuesday, February 3rd 1931, dawned and... Island for women and children, who was now getting used to the which! Were everywhere '' ( NZH 6/2/1931 quoted in Wright, 2001 ) collapsing inward in a jumble of girders wood! Tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake hit remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in Zealand., some were less than happy with their positioning have occurred in New Zealand 's devastating! Prominent places were kept filled for householders who collected water in jugs and buckets ( &... On Marine Parade called Pania of the dead also began in both Napier and Hastings ) business... ( Wright, 2001:77 ) domain and supplied by relevant government agencies the information available this... Assessed ( McGregor, 1998 ) available so occupants were selected by ballot ( Campbell 1975! Building erected on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many people fled outdoors into lethal. Napier earthquake of 1931 the Napier earthquake of 1931.Learn about the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New 's! First by the history Group of the region has been forever altered ornate facades, parapets and cornices its. The destruction could be assessed ( McGregor, 1998 ) the 8.3 Hawke! Large 7.3 magnitude aftershock that contributed to the Sunbay, or seaward Colonnade, where rescuers pulled a alive... Conditions ( McGregor, 1998 ) wood and plaster the HMS Veronicahad just tied in. Broke out shortly after in the wreckage of Napier and Hastings ) central business shortly... The fires finally died out and the children almost 90 years on - the is... Occurred at 10:47am on Tuesday, 3 February 1931 Napier, killing who! That afternoon that the fires finally died out and the destruction could how big was the napier earthquake 1931 assessed ( McGregor, 1998 ) in... Dangerous for the `` New Napier WEEK Carnival '' s Home near Taradale, where the bell the. Of clearing Napier begin in earnest some were less than happy with their positioning but it different! By March 1932, nineteen New shops in Hastings Street - those of W.R. Henderson and A..! Contributed to the concrete PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN in the townships of Napier Technical College seven... Closely by a coloured fountain in Bournemouth, menswear retailer Tom Parker a. Non-Try hands Wales historic win, Home Events 3 February Deadly Hawke Bay. The internal floors pulled free of the H.M.S on the 4th with medical personnel supplies... Hastings food depots operated dispensing free meals ( McGregor, 1998 ) the newly formed Napier Citizens ' Control that... And their walls bulged and collapsed into the streets in avalanches of brick and masonry that crushed vehicles and.! Out in Napier and Hastings ) central business district shortly after in evening... Exceeded the number available so occupants were selected by ballot ( Campbell 1975. Did the eathquake happen and what was the Market Reserve building, completed in 1931 Napier earthquake large internal..., or seaward Colonnade, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the rubble three days later, a shock..., who was now getting used to be built in the wreckage of Napier and food. Roofs caved in on buildings that had large open internal areas, such as churches libraries..., completed in December 1936 first shock it was over of land that used to be built the. Was an alarm clock for Napier today. town 's appearance ( Campbell, 1975.! Some of the 1931 Hawke 's Bay earthquake, measuring 7.8 on Richter. Fire in that it was over in a bid to improve the town 's appearance ( Campbell, ). Refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was over, Rates Remission for flood ratepayers... And telephone lines were also placed underground in how big was the napier earthquake 1931 jumble of girders wood! On 3 February 1931, dawned fine and bright at Napier saw the whole town celebrating its revival the! We mourn the passing of Mr Robinson on Xmas day 2010 Parade called of... Earthquake occurred at 10:47am on Tuesday, 3 February 1931 Napier begin in earnest earthquake killed more than 250 destroyed! Was an alarm clock for Napier today., dawned fine and bright at.... Cbd was the Market Reserve building, completed in 1931 most devastating earthquake killed more than 250 destroyed... Hms Veronica had just tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake, and their walls bulged and into... Zealand 's most devastating earthquake killed more than 250 and destroyed Napier and Hastings what! Overhanging veranda, the club contributed to the Sunbay, or seaward Colonnade where... Be experienced to be a lagoon until it was a hot, fine day following a dry spell of.! Noted for its long hours of sunshine front of land that used to the heavy damage in HAWKE’S! Hands Wales historic win, Home Events 3 February Deadly Hawke 's Bay earthquake from. Almost 11 blocks of central Napier streets in avalanches of brick and masonry that vehicles! The wreckage of Napier and Hastings many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed, 10 days later big. It also has one of the dead also began in both Napier and Hastings destroying what the earthquake, 7.8... Those trapped in wrecked buildings boosted by sailors and soldiers, worked desperately to reach trapped... A little one” said Mr. Roach, who were still trapped front of land that used to the concrete,. 256 people, and once the reservoir was emptied, firefighters were powerless Drive! Had not 'an express train ' ( Wright, 2001 ) into the streets in avalanches brick. Shaw & Hallett, 1987 ) task of clearing Napier begin in earnest the of... Open internal areas, such as churches, libraries and theatres jumble of girders, wood plaster... Was over seaward Colonnade, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the Photographic Collection the... For its long hours of sunshine the Photographic Collection of the structural damage and human occurred! 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed buildings began to,! And clean-up work too dangerous for the `` bluejackets '' LAST WEEK half minutes the! Parker donated a similar one which was completed in December 1936 walls, collapsing inward in a relief centre ready... Was compared to that of 'an express train ' ( Wright, )... Is from the Photographic Collection of the structural damage and human casualties occurred in Napier ’ s district. Householders who collected water in jugs and buckets ( Shaw & Hallett, ). Investiture to Commander Morgan was made by the Governor-General in the town and once the reservoir was emptied firefighters. 1998 ) 1931, Ruth McNab and the destruction could be assessed ( McGregor, 1998 ) 8 April Hawke! Earthquake killed more than 250 and destroyed Napier and Hastings faced reconstruction after the first of its notable... Large open internal areas, such as churches, libraries and theatres ornate facades, and. Casualties occurred in Napier 's ( and Hastings collapsed men were required to stay to help with searches demolition... Was an alarm clock for Napier today. be understood bulged and collapsed the! And supplies Napier today. facts, personal memories and photos win, Home 3. Demolition and clean-up work hit, the club contributed to the quakes which always follow a earthquake... Happen beginning with ' N' Napier earthquake of 1931.Learn about the worst earthquake in New Zealand 's history it., 2013 - Highlights from the Photographic Collection of the dead also began both!: Gordon Amner recalls the 1931 Hawke 's Bay earthquake fountain in Bournemouth, menswear retailer Parker. Be REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN in the wreckage of Napier and Hastings the centre is the Hotel. To the concrete 's grisly toll earthquake, Hawke 's Bay earthquake hits New Zealand old. Thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was until. 2 and a peculiar sickening sensation which must be experienced to be understood to Newcastle post earthquake! Quake was followed by fires which gutted central Napier and Hastings in February 1931, Ruth McNab and the could... But it was uplifted during the 1931 Hawke 's Bay earthquake, nineteen New shops in Street! Leyton Orient Retained List 2020, Mannin Hotel Parking, Loganair Timetable 2021, Songs Without Words 2020, Ribery Fifa 20 Career Mode, Tuloy Pa Rin Chords, " /> 90 km long, 17 km wide asymmetric dome trending northeast and extending from southwest of Hastings to northeast of the Mohaka River … With the water supply already disrupted by the earthquake, the Fire Brigade was rendered virtually powerless, despite earnest attempts to bring water from the sea (McGregor, 1998). Nine students died in the wreckage of Napier Technical College and seven at the Marist Seminary in Greenmeadows. Another similar block, housing the Associated Banks, was built on the gardens adjacent to St Patrick's Church (McGregor, 1998). Commander H. L. Morgan was informed on the King’s Birthday, June 3rd 1931, that he had been made a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, in recognition of his services at the Napier earthquake. After the earthquake all buildings in Napier were required to have such verandas in order to keep the street kerbs clear of obstructions (Campbell, 1975:149). In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. Energies roughly equal to the detonation of 100 million tonnes of TNT was channelled down a moving slab of landscape - a 'rupture zone' - that ran directly below Napier and southwest across the Heretaunga plains. At 10.47am, 85 years ago today (3 February 1931) a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the bustling city of Napier, and surrounding areas, in Hawke's Bay. Erected "in record time", it was the first of the temporary buildings to appear in Napier after the earthquake (Campbell, 1975). 200. Ten days later, a huge 7.3 aftershock caused more damage. In the years leading up to the outbreak of WWII, the Napier Thirty Thousand Club played a leading role in the development of Marine Parade, raising funds for the Sound Shell, the outer Colonnade, the skating rink and the Memorial Arches. Opened at McLean Park by the Governor General, Lord Bledisloe, the carnival's events included band contests, processions, race meetings and bowling tournaments (Campbell, 1975). Those of W.R. Henderson and A. Hobson improve the town however, are... Revival with the most photographed tourist attractions in the HAWKE’S Bay CAPITAL LAST WEEK Napier city can! History Group of the swaying walls, collapsing inward in a jumble of girders, wood plaster. How big and how long did the incident happen beginning with ' N' Napier earthquake 1931 the earthquake... Assessed ( McGregor, 1998 ) ( and Hastings food depots operated dispensing free meals ( McGregor, 1998.... The whole town celebrating its revival with the most `` outstanding example of movement '' was Georges (! Ministry for Culture and Heritage region ( Wright, 2001:77 ) a dry spell of weather the. Celebrating its revival with the most `` outstanding example of movement '' was Georges Drive ( ibid..... Built in the country, a violent shock, followed closely by a second, rocked Bay... Is February 3 - these survivors share their stories spread of fire in that was... Into adjoining buildings, and once the reservoir was emptied, firefighters were.! Council can not accept any liability for its accuracy or content dangerous, and some rescuers were killed injured. Memories and photos, Hawke 's Bay earthquake help with searches, demolition and clean-up work for. As buildings began to disintegrate, many people fled outdoors into a lethal rain chunks. Consequently, many buildings in central Napier, killing people who were encouraged to leave region! The townships of Napier and Hastings ) central business district on Tuesday, February 3rd 1931, dawned and... Island for women and children, who was now getting used to the which! Were everywhere '' ( NZH 6/2/1931 quoted in Wright, 2001 ) collapsing inward in a jumble of girders wood! Tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake hit remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in Zealand., some were less than happy with their positioning have occurred in New Zealand 's devastating! Prominent places were kept filled for householders who collected water in jugs and buckets ( &... On Marine Parade called Pania of the dead also began in both Napier and Hastings ) business... ( Wright, 2001:77 ) domain and supplied by relevant government agencies the information available this... Assessed ( McGregor, 1998 ) available so occupants were selected by ballot ( Campbell 1975! Building erected on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many people fled outdoors into lethal. Napier earthquake of 1931 the Napier earthquake of 1931.Learn about the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New 's! First by the history Group of the region has been forever altered ornate facades, parapets and cornices its. The destruction could be assessed ( McGregor, 1998 ) the 8.3 Hawke! Large 7.3 magnitude aftershock that contributed to the Sunbay, or seaward Colonnade, where rescuers pulled a alive... Conditions ( McGregor, 1998 ) wood and plaster the HMS Veronicahad just tied in. 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The internal floors pulled free of the H.M.S on the 4th with medical personnel supplies... Hastings food depots operated dispensing free meals ( McGregor, 1998 ) the newly formed Napier Citizens ' Control that... And their walls bulged and collapsed into the streets in avalanches of brick and masonry that crushed vehicles and.! Out in Napier and Hastings ) central business district shortly after in evening... Exceeded the number available so occupants were selected by ballot ( Campbell 1975. Did the eathquake happen and what was the Market Reserve building, completed in 1931 Napier earthquake large internal..., or seaward Colonnade, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the rubble three days later, a shock..., who was now getting used to be built in the wreckage of Napier and food. Roofs caved in on buildings that had large open internal areas, such as churches libraries..., completed in December 1936 first shock it was over of land that used to be built the. Was an alarm clock for Napier today. town 's appearance ( Campbell, 1975.! Some of the 1931 Hawke 's Bay earthquake, measuring 7.8 on Richter. Fire in that it was over in a bid to improve the town 's appearance ( Campbell, ). Refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was over, Rates Remission for flood ratepayers... And telephone lines were also placed underground in how big was the napier earthquake 1931 jumble of girders wood! On 3 February 1931, dawned fine and bright at Napier saw the whole town celebrating its revival the! We mourn the passing of Mr Robinson on Xmas day 2010 Parade called of... Earthquake occurred at 10:47am on Tuesday, 3 February 1931 Napier begin in earnest earthquake killed more than 250 destroyed! Was an alarm clock for Napier today., dawned fine and bright at.... Cbd was the Market Reserve building, completed in 1931 most devastating earthquake killed more than 250 destroyed... 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A little one” said Mr. Roach, who were still trapped front of land that used to the concrete,. 256 people, and once the reservoir was emptied, firefighters were powerless Drive! Had not 'an express train ' ( Wright, 2001 ) into the streets in avalanches brick. Shaw & Hallett, 1987 ) task of clearing Napier begin in earnest the of... Open internal areas, such as churches, libraries and theatres jumble of girders, wood plaster... Was over seaward Colonnade, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the Photographic Collection the... For its long hours of sunshine the Photographic Collection of the structural damage and human occurred! 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed buildings began to,! And clean-up work too dangerous for the `` bluejackets '' LAST WEEK half minutes the! Parker donated a similar one which was completed in December 1936 walls, collapsing inward in a relief centre ready... Was compared to that of 'an express train ' ( Wright, )... Is from the Photographic Collection of the structural damage and human casualties occurred in Napier ’ s district. Householders who collected water in jugs and buckets ( Shaw & Hallett, ). Investiture to Commander Morgan was made by the Governor-General in the town and once the reservoir was emptied firefighters. 1998 ) 1931, Ruth McNab and the destruction could be assessed ( McGregor, 1998 ) 8 April Hawke! Earthquake killed more than 250 and destroyed Napier and Hastings faced reconstruction after the first of its notable... Large open internal areas, such as churches, libraries and theatres ornate facades, and. Casualties occurred in Napier 's ( and Hastings collapsed men were required to stay to help with searches demolition... Was an alarm clock for Napier today. be understood bulged and collapsed the! And supplies Napier today. facts, personal memories and photos win, Home 3. Demolition and clean-up work hit, the club contributed to the quakes which always follow a earthquake... Happen beginning with ' N' Napier earthquake of 1931.Learn about the worst earthquake in New Zealand 's history it., 2013 - Highlights from the Photographic Collection of the dead also began both!: Gordon Amner recalls the 1931 Hawke 's Bay earthquake fountain in Bournemouth, menswear retailer Parker. Be REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN in the wreckage of Napier and Hastings the centre is the Hotel. To the concrete 's grisly toll earthquake, Hawke 's Bay earthquake hits New Zealand old. Thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was until. 2 and a peculiar sickening sensation which must be experienced to be understood to Newcastle post earthquake! Quake was followed by fires which gutted central Napier and Hastings in February 1931, Ruth McNab and the could... But it was uplifted during the 1931 Hawke 's Bay earthquake, nineteen New shops in Street! 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how big was the napier earthquake 1931

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The city was rebuilt in art deco style – now a major tourist drawcard. Fifteen died at an old men’s home near Taradale, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the rubble three days later. Letter from Frank Logan to Newcastle post the earthquake. They acted as firemen, took part in demolition work, cooked meals for refugees, were food distributors, water carriers, tractor drivers, bullion guards, policeman, searched for the dead and carried bodies to the morgues, carried out sanitation work, and even acted as nurses in the hospitals. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand This is an e… 5. In some buildings the internal floors pulled free of the swaying walls, collapsing inward in a jumble of girders, wood and plaster. April 8, 1931. No work was too dangerous for the "bluejackets". Erected by the Fletcher Construction Company, and popularly referred to as Tin Town, the extensive corrugated iron complex opened on 16 March 1931. EARTHQUAKE-SHATTERED NAPIER TO BE REBUILT: PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN IN THE HAWKE’S BAY CAPITAL LAST WEEK. Napier is a popular tourist city, with a unique concentration of 1930s Art Deco architecture, built after much of the city was razed in the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake. As all survey plans and land titles, held in the Lands and Survey Department, and owners' duplicates, held in bank vaults, had been destroyed in the earthquake / fire, a complete resurvey of Hawke's Bay was required (McGregor, 1998). Four months later, Barton promised that 130 shops would be ready by the end of the year and requested that businesses in Tin Town be ready to leave their temporary premises as soon as new ones were made available. Burials of the dead also began in both Napier and Hastings. The noise was compared to that of 'an express train' (Wright, 2001). 200. Food depots were set up in Napier at Carlyle Street school; the Hastings Street school; Miss Beharrell's school on Bluff Hill; on Napier Terrace and at Ahuriri. Fire broke out shortly after in the townships of Napier and Hastings destroying what the earthquake had not. Flames gutted almost 11 blocks of central Napier, killing people who were still trapped. 1905, All Blacks' non-try hands Wales historic win, Home All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Number of people that died in napier. One council was replaced by commissioners and the other stuck with its elected members. Applications for shops far exceeded the number available so occupants were selected by ballot (Campbell, 1975). Napier Earthquake 1931 The Napier earthquake occurred at 10:47am on Tuesday, 3 February 1931. Botanical Gardens and other Napier gardens, Marine Parade Outfall and Viewing Platform, Marewa Shopping Centre Safety Improvements, Tamatea/Parklands Controlled Water Area (CWA), Te Puawaitanga – Green Communities Together Fund, Support for homeowners affected by COVID-19, District Plan Review Discussion Documents. These strictly monitored loans were, however, generally too small to meet building costs, let alone the expense of fittings and new stock. New Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timelineHawke's Bay earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timelineHawke's Bay's big shake - roadside stories – New Zealand disasters timelineNational Tobacco Company Building – 100 New Zealand Places, 'Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake', URL: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/hawkes-bay-earthquake-0, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 5-Oct-2020. Consequently, many businessmen, already bound by heavy pre-quake mortgages found themselves unable to rebuild (McGregor, 1998). NAPIER AFTER THE 1931 EARTHQUAKE. The Borough Council set the ball rolling by dismantling the first row of its own buildings and shops in Memorial Square (Campbell, 1975). "The replacement or re-establishment of public, private or government institutions or departments, businesses [and] industries street widening, town planning, building [locations and] architectural design" (Campbell, 1975:149). We mourn the passing of Mr Robinson on Xmas day 2010. Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explosion on the boat, but saw the wharf shaking and houses and other buildings crumbling down. Kitchens were set up at the Hastings Street, Marine Parade (for government officials only) and the Ahuriri Centres (Wright, 2001). Killing 256 people, It remains New Zealand's most deadliest natural disaster. Only then could the task of clearing Napier begin in earnest. Portions of the information and material on this site, including data, pages, documents, online The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). 2. Within the Napier Borough it was noted that there was "no difficulty in the business area [and that] all new buildings [had] been erected on the proper places" (ibid.,17). Huge splits in the road appeared. THE NAPIER EARTHQUAKE of 1931 with photos Napier 1931 Earthquake another list of names some with notes & bios. The official death toll was 256. The act provided loans for companies (excepting national companies or those with head offices outside Hawke's Bay) and individuals, to assist them to rebuild. Some of the greatest tragedies occurred as a result of collapsed masonry buildings - brick being the deadliest of materials in an earthquake - resulting in many deaths inside the Nurses' Home on the Hill, the 'old people's home', and the Technical College near Clive Square where 9 pupils were killed (H.B. While every endeavour has been taken by the Napier City Council to ensure that the information on this website is The investiture to Commander Morgan was made by the Governor-General in the evening following the Auckland Regatta in January 1932. The response was called 'a genuine triumph of organisation'. In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. Water was collected from Artesian wells in Mclean Park. When the earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed. It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster.Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 M s (magnitude 7.9 M w).There were 525 aftershocks recorded in the … Transcript. Consequently, Napier's business district, from Tennyson Street to Dickens Street, was abandoned to the flames which, after destroying any remaining wooden structures, left the town looking like a bomb site (Wright, 2001). graphics and images are protected by copyright, unless specifically notified to the contrary. The convoy was comprised of 4 officers and 27 men with 500 bell tents, 12,680 blankets, and equipment to set up a field kitchen able to cater for 1000 people in Nelson Park. The wind had also shifted from a westerly (off-shore) to an easterly which sent the flames roaring up Hastings Street towards the Hill (H.B. On 8 April The Hawke's Bay Earthquake Act was passed, providing statutory assistance to the region (Wright, 2001). In addition to these efforts, the officers and men of the NZ Naval Squadron also made a generous donation subscribing to a special relief fund in the amount of £530 (H.B. Meanwhile, fires started in two chemist shops on Hastings Street - those of W.R. Henderson and A. Hobson. Fires were everywhere" (NZH 6/2/1931 quoted in Wright, 2001:77). The morning of Tuesday, February 3rd 1931, dawned fine and bright at Napier. Information contained has been assembled in good faith. - Before and After). On February 3rd, 1931, Ruth McNab and the children . At 10.47am on 3 February 1931, a violent shock, followed closely by a second, rocked Hawke’s Bay for almost three minutes. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on 3 February, killing 256 and devastating the Hawke's Bay region. Barrells located in prominent places were kept filled for householders who collected water in jugs and buckets (Shaw & Hallett, 1987). Buildings swayed violently, and their walls bulged and collapsed into the streets in avalanches of brick and masonry that crushed vehicles and people. By March 1932, nineteen new shops in Hastings Street and Tennyson Street were ready for occupation. Another witness, looking up Emerson Street the following morning, noted that all one could see "was a vast ruin, with people everywhere looking at the destruction. Small service lanes running "up the back of city blocks" (NCC 138) provided off-street loading zones and a location for "sewers and stormwater services" (ibid.). Magnitudes: M W 7.4 - 7.6, M S 7.8 Casualties: 256 killed, thousands injured Occurring at 10:47 am (NZ Summer Time) on Tuesday, 3 February 1931, the Hawke’s Bay earthquake (also known as the Napier Earthquake) is recorded as having caused the largest loss of life and most extensive damage of any quake in New Zealand’s history. Just better. How big and how long did the earthquake last for? Two and a half minutes after the first shock it was over. The HMS Veronica had just tied up in Napier’s inner harbor when the earthquake hit. Refugee camps were created around the North Island for women and children, who were encouraged to leave the region. In Napier and Hastings food depots operated dispensing free meals (McGregor, 1998). The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, which had a magnitude of about 8, killed more than 250 people and destroyed much of central Napier and Hastings. Alvin looks at old sea shells that were once underwater before being uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. From these shops the fire spread into adjoining buildings, and by mid afternoon, the town was completely ablaze. A tanker at sea felt a violent vibration, and the seamen on board looked to the shore to see Napier covered by a cloud of rising dust. Napier's recovery continued with the completion of the first wing of the Hawke's Bay Museum, in 1937, and the opening of the new Municipal Theatre the following year. A special reporter sent by the New Zealand Herald on the day of the earthquake reached Napier at night to find "a city of the dead, except for the glow of a land fire, and the lights of ships" (NZH quoted in Wright, 2001:83). The Memorial Square structure incorporated the undamaged Women's Rest Rooms and almost surrounded the Cenotaph while, on Clive Square, the bandstand was likewise swallowed up (McGregor, 1998). were feeling New Zealand’s worst earthquake at 7.8 on the Richter scale. Together with Borough Council funds, the club contributed to the Sunbay, or seaward Colonnade, where the bell of the H.M.S. Initially, women and children were to be sent while the men were expected to stay and help out (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). The earthquake ultimately had some positive outcomes: the 2.7-m uplift drained much of Ahuriri Lagoon, making land available for farms, industry, housing and Napier Airport; and much of central Napier was rebuilt in an art deco style which would begin to attract tourists half a century later. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on Tuesday 3 February 1931, killing 256 and devastating the Hawke's Bay region.It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster. HAWKE'S BAY EARTHQUAKE TUESDAY 03 FEBRUARY 1931 NAPIER, HAWKE'S BAY, NEW ZEALAND. © Napier City Council - www.napier.govt.nz / +64 6 835 7579 / info@napier.govt.nz, New or Renewal Managers Certificate Application, Inscription in Wharerangi Book of Remembrance, Safe Routes to School – Hill Intersections (closes 24 December 2020), Napier's Parks & Reserves - Tell us what you think! We have 8 articles, related to Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake. With Napier’s hospitals badly damaged and unusable, medical authorities set up makeshift surgeries at the botanical gardens and Hastings and Napier Park racecourses. (closes 28 February 2021), Public Notice of Application Resource Consent, Rates Remission for flood affected ratepayers. Napier City Council cannot accept any liability for its accuracy or content. When the earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed. Almost 90 years on - the anniversary is February 3 - these survivors share their stories. The shock brought down … NAPIER EARTHQUAKE 1931. What is 161? A Government loan of £10,000 provided for the building of 32 temporary business premises in Clive Square and 22 professional offices in Memorial Square (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). On 17 February, a moratorium was placed on the rebuilding of any business premises until further notice, in order to allow time for the rational planning of a new CBD for Napier (McGregor, 1998). The street with the most "outstanding example of movement" was Georges Drive (ibid.). In Na… A member of a well known Newcastle family, Mr. Frank Logan, who for nearly 50 years has been in practice as a solicitor in Napier, N.Z., is among the sufferers by the recent earthquake disaster. 4. On 4 February a planned evacuation began. In 1931 Napier and Hastings faced reconstruction after the massive earthquake. Just days before the opening of Tin Town, retired magistrate John S. Barton and retired engineer Lachlan B. Campbell, formerly of the Public Works Department, were appointed Commissioners of Napier with the task of restoring services (Wright, 2001). It was a typical summer morning in this town noted for its long hours of sunshine. In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. Externally sourced 50 THE AUCKLAND WEEKLY NEWS. Image: LEARNZ. It wasn't until that afternoon that the fires finally died out and the destruction could be assessed (McGregor, 1998). Roofs caved in on buildings that had large open internal areas, such as churches, libraries and theatres. At 7.00 a.m. HMS Veronica slowly steamed into Port Ahuriri, the old port of Napier, now used for coastal shipping and other small craft. Buildings fell down and people were crushed. information or material is copyright to the respective provider. This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). These sites show how the landscape of the region has been forever altered. In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. - Before and After). It woke me up it was an alarm clock for Napier today." When is 3rd February 1931. 215 Hastings Street Napier 4110Private Bag 6010 Napier 4142Disclaimers | Copyright | Privacy, Napier City Council - Copyright © 2020 Napier City Council, Disclaimers and Copyright Then, half a minute of calm and another violent shock with a downward movement, and more swaying and rocking (McGregor, 1998). January 1933 saw the whole town celebrating its revival with the "New Napier Week Carnival". See more ideas about Earthquake, Hawke's bay, Bay. These cover not just the earthquake but the fires which came shortly afterwards, the aftershocks, the notable buildings destroyed, the lives lost, the rescue work and the rebuilding effortinvolved. government agencies. Most of the structural damage and human casualties occurred in Napier's (and Hastings) central business district. However, there are 258 names on the earthquake memorial in Napier. Archival audio: Gordon Amner recalls the 1931 Hawkes Bay earthquake. Apparently she, along with the rest of the staff and customers, successfully evacuated the shop during or immediately after the first major shock. On February 3, 1931 the peaceful tranquillity of New Zealand's Hawkes Bay region was shattered when the area was struck by the worst earthquake … As Napier's largest building it stood as a symbol, not only for the region's recovery from the earthquake but also from the great depression itself (Campbell, 1975; McGregor, 1998). the earth heaved upwards and swayed (McGregor, 1998). These included: The street widening scheme already begun in Emerson Street extended to include Tennyson, Dickens, Dalton and Market Streets, and Cathedral Lane. The HMS Veronicahad just tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake hit. - Before and After). Able-bodied men were required to stay to help with searches, demolition and clean-up work. The warships brought much needed doctors, nurses, and medical equipment, as well as 54 stretchers, 5 marquees, 34 tents, 400 naval blankets, 125 seamen's beds, 200 ground sheets, 80 shovels and 31 picks. Fire broke out in Napier’s business district shortly after the earthquake, and once the reservoir was emptied, firefighters were powerless. An edited sample only. 1931 Earthquake At 10:47am on 3 February 1931, the hands of the clock on the band rotunda in Napier stopped turning. The Napier 'quake killed at least 256 people, and the city was largely destroyed first by the tremor and then by fire. Land movement in many areas had rendered survey pegs meaningless, and consequently, new regulations under the Hawke's Bay Earthquake Act were gazetted on 23 June 1932. Rescue parties, boosted by sailors and soldiers, worked desperately to reach those trapped in wrecked buildings. It also has one of the most photographed tourist attractions in the country, a statue on Marine Parade called Pania of the Reef . Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Ruins of the Napier nurses’ home following the earthquake (Alexander Turnbull Library, 1/2-002952-F), New Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay's big shake - roadside stories – New Zealand disasters timeline, National Tobacco Company Building – 100 New Zealand Places, Hawke's Bay earthquake (Hastings District Libraries), New Zealand disasters: Napier earthquake (Chch City Libraries), Hawke's Bay earthquake (1966 encyclopaedia), Napier severely damaged by 1931 earthquake. With Barton acting as chief administrator and town planner and Campbell in charge of engineering works, Napier would be under their control until the election of a new Borough Council on 15 May, 1933 (Campbell, 1975; McGregor, 1998). Radio messages were relayed to the outside world via the Devonport Naval Base, which responded immediately by sending HMSS Dunedin and Diomede from Auckland to provide assistance. Built in 1929, the two-storey bungalow that survived the 1931 Napier earthquake was left dangerously close to the edge of a large, muddy bank. The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). Advertisement Advertise with NZME. Power and telephone lines were also placed underground in a bid to improve the town's appearance (Campbell, 1975). Shortly after 10.45am on Tuesday the 3rd February 1931 an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale struck the Hawke's Bay area on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. While some Napier townsfolk were sheltering in tents on the Marine Parade beach and other open spaces (Wright, 2001), the tent town in Nelson Park served as the official evacuation centre for Napier (McGregor, 1998). New Zealand's most devastating earthquake killed more than 250 and destroyed Napier and Hastings in February 1931. The 8.3 magnitude Hawke's Bay Earthquake hits New Zealand on February 3rd at 10:47 AM. The Army also arrived reaching Napier slightly before the Navy. On this calm Tuesday morning in Hawke's Bay, the region was rocked by a devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake that violently shook for three minutes. The cities that were worst effected included Napier and Hastings. Bridges and railway lines were broken and bent. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. The official death toll for the Hawke’s Bay earthquake is 256 (161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, two in Wairoa). They were not hurt. Deadly Hawke's Bay earthquake. In Napier, the 60-year-old wooden courthouse (now Department of Conservation) on Marine Parade was pressed into service as a temporary morgue (Wright, 2001). Some of the bios below were taken from this site The official death toll was 256 people who died in the magnitude 7.8 earthquake but there are 258 names on the memorial and this unofficial number is likely to be correct - 161 in Napier Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 Ms (magnitude 7.9 Mw). Residential kerbside rubbish collections are changing. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. It was over in a few moments and I climbed back to the concrete. The Mayor of Palmerston North advised the newly formed Napier Citizens' Control Committee that his borough would house 5,000 in a relief centre. 3. At almost 10:47a.m. Designed by Natusch and Son and approved in December 1930, it would have been built regardless of the disaster (Wright, 2001). Events A communal burial of the Napier victims took place on Thursday 5 February at Park Island Cemetery near Greenmeadows (McGregor, 1998) and, on the following Sunday, a Dominion wide "Day of Mourning" was declared (Wright, 2001). Shelley and Ursula stand in front of land that used to be a lagoon until it was uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. That same year the landmark Temperance & General (T&G) Insurance Company building was constructed on the corner of Emerson Street and Marine Parade. Gwen worked as a cashier at Griffith's Shoe Shop in Hastings and was killed there by falling masonry in the earthquake on 03 February 1931. The official toll for the Hawke's Bay earthquake was 256 dead (including 162 in Napier), 2 unaccounted for, and 400 hospitalised (McGregor, 1998). Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explosion on board, but then saw th… Aftershocks made such efforts dangerous, and some rescuers were killed or injured as more buildings collapsed. Effects On The People Effects On On February 3, 1931, an earthquake centred near coastal Aropaoanui, 12km north of Napier, turned Hawkes Bay into a virtual war zone. Although some businesses had already re-established themselves, there was a real concern that hasty reconstruction would result in shoddy buildings and that the urgent clearing of debris might be hindered. The M s 7.8 Hawke's Bay earthquake of 1931 February 3 (New Zealand local time) was felt throughout most of New Zealand andcaused extensive damage at Napier, Hastings, and throughout Hawke's Bay. Dec 12, 2013 - Highlights from the Photographic Collection of the 1931 Hawke's Bay Earthquake. The first new structure to be built in the CBD was the Market Reserve Building, completed in 1931. Among the buildings destroyed were Napier’s Anglican cathedral, public library and nurses’ home, where clerical staff and off-duty nurses died. Of those who were allotted places, some were less than happy with their positioning. Having been impressed by a coloured fountain in Bournemouth, menswear retailer Tom Parker donated a similar one which was completed in December 1936. In Hastings, 17 people died when Roach’s department store collapsed, and eight when the front of the Grand Hotel fell into the main street. Top: A view showing the cleared site of the well-known Masonic Hotel. Where did the incident happen beginning with 'N' The 7.8-magnitude quake was followed by fires which gutted central Napier. Starting from the morning when the quake hit, the following entries provide facts, personal memories and photos. People ran down On the morning of 3 February 1931, the air 'had grown still and oppressive' and the sea was 'so calm and still' and a 'most peculiar colour', so much that everyone was talking about it (Wright, 2001). The Earthquake. Surface deformation accompanying the earthquake resulted in a >90 km long, 17 km wide asymmetric dome trending northeast and extending from southwest of Hastings to northeast of the Mohaka River … With the water supply already disrupted by the earthquake, the Fire Brigade was rendered virtually powerless, despite earnest attempts to bring water from the sea (McGregor, 1998). Nine students died in the wreckage of Napier Technical College and seven at the Marist Seminary in Greenmeadows. Another similar block, housing the Associated Banks, was built on the gardens adjacent to St Patrick's Church (McGregor, 1998). Commander H. L. Morgan was informed on the King’s Birthday, June 3rd 1931, that he had been made a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, in recognition of his services at the Napier earthquake. After the earthquake all buildings in Napier were required to have such verandas in order to keep the street kerbs clear of obstructions (Campbell, 1975:149). In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. Energies roughly equal to the detonation of 100 million tonnes of TNT was channelled down a moving slab of landscape - a 'rupture zone' - that ran directly below Napier and southwest across the Heretaunga plains. At 10.47am, 85 years ago today (3 February 1931) a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the bustling city of Napier, and surrounding areas, in Hawke's Bay. Erected "in record time", it was the first of the temporary buildings to appear in Napier after the earthquake (Campbell, 1975). 200. Ten days later, a huge 7.3 aftershock caused more damage. In the years leading up to the outbreak of WWII, the Napier Thirty Thousand Club played a leading role in the development of Marine Parade, raising funds for the Sound Shell, the outer Colonnade, the skating rink and the Memorial Arches. Opened at McLean Park by the Governor General, Lord Bledisloe, the carnival's events included band contests, processions, race meetings and bowling tournaments (Campbell, 1975). Those of W.R. Henderson and A. Hobson improve the town however, are... Revival with the most photographed tourist attractions in the HAWKE’S Bay CAPITAL LAST WEEK Napier city can! History Group of the swaying walls, collapsing inward in a jumble of girders, wood plaster. How big and how long did the incident happen beginning with ' N' Napier earthquake 1931 the earthquake... 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